There are three types of criminal offences:
The category into which an offence falls can determine which court will deal with the matter.
A hearing or trial takes place only when a defendant pleads not guilty to the charge.
After a plea of guilty, the court deals with the defendant by doing such things as:
- imposing a fine;
- a sentence or suspended sentence of imprisonment;
- recording or not recording a conviction (with or without penalty);
- imposing a good behaviour bond;
- ordering home detention;
- ordering community service be undertaken;
- making orders for forfeiture, compensation, intervention and restraining orders, costs and other things.See further: Sentencing
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