Australians can choose to register their own personally controlled electronic health record (eHealth) record.
The law about the eHealth record system is found in the Personally Controlled Electronic Health Records Act 2012 (Cth) and the Personally Controlled Electronic Health Records Regulations 2012 (Cth).
The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner regulates the handling of personal information under the eHealth record system. It can investigate complaints about the mishandling of information in an individual's eHealth record, but does not require a complaint to start an investigation. It will use the existing investigative and enforcement mechanisms under the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth), including conciliation and formal determinations. It may also seek other penalties or rememdies for mishandling from the courts.
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